What are the main visa options in Skilled Migration?

The 3 main visas in this group of skilled migration visas are the following.

What are the high-level differences between these Skilled Migration visas?

  • Nomination:

The main difference between 189 and 190 is that 190 requires State nomination, and 189 does not.  With State nomination, you should live and work in the State that has nominated you.  For 491 there are State nomination, and Family Sponsored streams.

  • Designated Areas:

491 visa is different in that there are requirements in where you can live and work in Australia.  You can only live and work in “designated areas” in Australia.  Certain locations, such as Melbourne and Sydney, are not within the designated areas.  189 and 190 visas do not have this restriction.

  • Family Sponsored:

As explained, 491 can either be State nominated, or Family Sponsored.  If you choose the Family Sponsored path, you must have an eligible family member who can sponsor you.  Your eligible family member must also be living in designated areas.

  • Validity of Visas:

Both 189 and 190 are permanent visas.  491 is a temporary visa.  If you hold a 491, you may be qualified to transitioned to a 191 permanent visa.

What are the main steps to applying for a Skilled Migration visa?

The main steps involved are:

  1. Submit and Expression of Interest (EOI)
  2. Wait for invitation from the government
  3. Once invited, apply for the visa

What is Expression Of Interest?

For Skilled Migration visas, you must be invited by the government to apply for the visa.  To get invited, you first must submit and Expression Of Interest (EOI) telling the government that you wish to apply for a Skilled Migration visa.  You use the SkillSelect system to submit your EOI, and enter your detail.  Your detail will then be entered into a database of other applicants, all waiting for an invitation.

What do I need to submit an EOI?

You will need to do a few things before you should submit your EOI.  The main things include the following:



Check out our latest updates

  • A new Small Business Owner pathway for ACT is now live
    From July 2021, ACT has a new Small Business Owners (SBO) pathway for the 190 and 491 visas. To be eligible for this new pathway, in addition to the usual 190 or 491 critieria, below are the main SBO criteria you must satisfy: You are the majority owner of an eligible registered business located in […]
  • Victoria opens 188A Business Innovation stream visa nomination
    On 13 July 2021, Victoria opened it’s Subclass 188A Business Innovation stream visa nomination program for 2021-22 and is accepting new applications. There will be more information on Victoria’s other subclass 188 visa nomination streams in the coming weeks. Starting 1 July 2021, 188A visa requirements have changed. Please visit our 188A webpage here for […]
  • 22 Occupations Added to the Priority Migration Skilled Occupation List (PMSOL)
    On 22nd June 2021, the Department has announced the inclusion of a range of skilled occupation on the PMSOL totaling 22 new occupations which brings the PMSOL to 41 in total. Please note that existing skilled migration occupation lists will remain active and visas will still be processed, but priority will be given to those […]

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